Global Campus Human Rights Journal (GCHRJ) is established as a peer-reviewed bi-annual publication dedicated to serving as a forum for rigorous scholarly analysis, critical commentaries, and reports on recent developments pertaining to human rights and democratisation globally, particularly by adopting multi- and inter-disciplinary perspectives, and using comparative approaches. Global Campus Human Rights Journal also aims to serve as a forum for fostering interdisciplinary dialogue and collaboration between stakeholders, including academics, activists in human rights and democratisation, NGOs and civil society. It is an open access journal published under the auspices of the Global Campus of Human Rights, and is supported financially by the European Union Commission.
Starting from 17 October 2019, Lebanon had witnessed an
unprecedented wave of mass protests and mobilisation across its territory. This
so-called Thawra came to question the state’s social contract, which is built
on a peculiar political system: sectarian con-sociationalism. Characterised
by institutionalised clientelism and systemic corruption, coupled with an
unprecedented economic crisis, the system recently showed its limits. Tripoli
is Lebanon’s second-largest and most deprived city. Yet, it hosted the largest
protests across the country, aptly referred to as the ‘bride of the revolution’.
To better understand the city’s dynamics in this respect, field research was
conducted there in January 2020. Using a combination of quantitative and
qualitative methods, the study reflects on Tripoli’s residents’ perceptions about
the protests. Beyond focusing exclusively on the city’s Lebanese residents, it
gives some important insights into its vulnerable Syrian and Palestinian refugee inhabitants. The study also demonstrates that, surprisingly, Tripoli’s citizens
have nuanced perceptions about these protests. It reveals through charts
how divergence in some of these perceptions depends on conditions such as
employment, sex, age and nationality. Finally, it gives some tangible insights
into Tripoli’s level of mobilisation, engagement, and inclusion of women in the
wave of protests.
Key words: Middle East; Lebanon; mobilisation; protests; refugees