Browsing 02. Research and Projects Outputs by Subject "Africa"
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ItemClimate Change and the Future Generation under the African Human Rights System: Fostering Pathways and Partnerships(Global Campus of Human Rights, 2021) Jegede, Ademola OluborodeThe objective of this policy brief is to argue the conceptual and legal bases for the protection of the rights of future generations in the context of adverse effects of climate change and articulate the potential pathways and partnerships necessary for its achievement under the African human rights system (AHRS). In Africa, climate change is not only a reality, it has current and future consequences on the enjoyment of several rights including the rights to life, health, food, water and housing. Yet, it is not clear whether the protection of future generations against the adverse consequences of climate change is possible, and if so, how it may be achieved and advanced under the AHRS. The policy brief shows that there is no conceptual challenge in constructing a claim for the protection of the rights of future generations in the context of climate change. It then explores not only the potentials in key instruments under the AHRS but also shows how the promotional, protective and interpretive mandates of quasi-judicial and judicial bodies of the AHRS may advance the protection of future generations in the light of adverse effects of climate change in Africa. To advance this approach, the policy brief recommends that awareness campaigns, capacity building and empowerment through workshops and trainings at state and regional levels are necessary to equip actors, especially African non-governmental organisations (NGOs), lawyers, human rights institutions, states representatives and mandate holders, on the pathways across the mandates of bodies within the AHRS.
ItemThe Impact of Ground and Aerial Security Robots on Human Rights in Africa(Global Campus of Human Rights, 2020) Gumedze, SabeloThe objective of this policy brief is to make a case for addressing the impact of the use of ground and aerial security robots on human rights in Africa. The African continent is witnessing a rapid growth of the robotics industry and the use of ground and aerial robots is steadily increasing in the security sector. Whilst the exponential growth on the use of security robots arguably augment safety and security, many African countries have not enacted frameworks for their regulation. The introduction of security robots and their interface with human beings automatically bring the subject of human rights to the fore. The use of security robots impact on the enjoyment of a plethora of human rights. These include the following: labour and/or employment rights; the rights to privacy and freedom of expression; the rights to assembly and freedom of movement; and the rights to life and human dignity. As a result of the impact of security robots on the enjoyment of human rights, this policy brief makes the case that attention is required from policy makers at the level of the African Union (AU). The policy brief suggests that as the use of security robots will pose a serious threat in terms of cyber security, and especially on cybercrime, Africans states must ratify the AU’s Convention on Cyber Security and Personal Data Protection, which was adopted in 2014. In order to comprehensively address the concerns relating to the use (and misuse) of security robots and the enjoyment of human rights, the policy brief advocates for a comprehensive regional instrument that will provide guidance to African states. Such a regional instrument must be informed by cutting-edge research on the use (and potential use) of unmanned ground and aerial vehicles in Africa.