Each year the EMA Council of Directors selects five theses, which stand out not only for their formal academic qualities but also for the originality of topic, innovative character of methodology and approach, potential usefulness in raising awareness about neglected issues, and capacity for contributing to the promotion of the values underlying human rights and democracy.
Browsing Global Campus Europe (EMA) Awarded Theses by Subject "Brazil"
(Global Campus of Human Rights, 2020)
Burkle, Eduardo : Monteiro; Panepinto, Alice
Transitional justice measures such as, inter alia, trials, truth
commissions and institutional reforms or a lack thereof impact how
societies deal with the past and help shape the collective memories of
societies and its different groups. The aim of this paper is to analyse the
Brazilian transition to democracy and how the lack of implementation
of transitional justice measures, or their shortcomings, can explain
the non-existence of a consensus towards its authoritarian past. By
not having a shared understanding of its own past, we argue that the
Brazilian democracy is prone to revive its authoritarian past, as shown
by the recent wave of autocratisation it suffers. The rise of far-right
populism in Brazil is linked to a dictatorship nostalgia, embodied in
President Jair Bolsonaro and the intense presence of the military in
his government. Without the proper reckoning with its past, Brazilian
democracy displays an inherent weakness associated with its amnesia
towards the military dictatorship (1964-85).
Keywords: transitional justice, collective memory, Brazilian military