Global Campus Human Rights Journal (GCHRJ) is established as a peer-reviewed bi-annual publication dedicated to serving as a forum for rigorous scholarly analysis, critical commentaries, and reports on recent developments pertaining to human rights and democratisation globally, particularly by adopting multi- and inter-disciplinary perspectives, and using comparative approaches. Global Campus Human Rights Journal also aims to serve as a forum for fostering interdisciplinary dialogue and collaboration between stakeholders, including academics, activists in human rights and democratisation, NGOs and civil society. It is an open access journal published under the auspices of the Global Campus of Human Rights, and is supported financially by the European Union Commission.
Human rights maintenance in a diverse society has always been a challenging and disputed issue. Governmental systems, both unitary and non-unitary, are similarly faced with the challenge. Afghanistan is a deeply diverse country and there have been massive violations of human rights. This paper explores the questions of whether it is a) possible to strengthen human rights maintenance through legal-political structures inside a culturally and ethnically diversified state such as Afghanistan, and b) justifiable to do this by recognising ethnic diversity at a political-legal level to prevent human rights violations in Afghanistan. By addressing these two questions, the paper considers whether a Federal system is more helpful than unitary systems in an ethno-politically diverse society such as Afghanistan.
(Global Campus Human Rights, 2022)
The terms “emergency” and “refugee” often conjure up images of short-term crises quickly resolved by one-off aid efforts and people who will be able to return home at some stage in the near future. However, many emergencies around the world continue for decades and those fleeing them struggle to exist in conditions totally unsuited for the long haul. In Asia Pacific alone, Afghanistan, Tibet and Sri Lanka are all suffering ongoing long-term emergencies with tens of thousands of citizens bringing up new generations in exile: many are denied basic human rights such as citizenship, education and the ability to make a living in their host countries, not to mention the steady erosion of their cultures and traditions. With economic crashes and climate change amongst the many reasons people may flee their countries of origin in order to survive, this article recommends that the global community broadens its definition of refugees and imaginatively redesigns its approach to human rights preparedness in face of ever-increasing movement of peoples migrating from varied and complex long-term emergencies.
The Taliban returned to power in Afghanistan on August 15, 2021. After their takeover, they announced their commitment to respecting human rights within an Islamic framework. Now that the Taliban have been in power for a year, it is possible to provide a picture of what the Taliban’s stance continues to be on topics such as human rights. This time period gives us evidence to assess their putative statements and expression of commitment to the people and the international community. To what extent have the Taliban 2.0 implemented the commitments and promises regarding human rights which they made to the people of Afghanistan and the international community?