The 17 October 2019 protests in Lebanon: Perceptions of Lebanese and non-Lebanese residents of Tripoli and surroundings

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Dahrouge, Elias
Nammour, Jihad
Lotf, Ahmed Samy
Abualroos, Karim
Ait Youssef, Iasmin
Al-Burbar, Eman
Al-Salafi, Azal
Alsheikh Ali, Rana
Arbi, Chiraz
Benyahya, Khawla
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Global Campus of Human Rights
Starting from 17 October 2019, Lebanon had witnessed an unprecedented wave of mass protests and mobilisation across its territory. This so-called Thawra came to question the state’s social contract, which is built on a peculiar political system: sectarian con-sociationalism. Characterised by institutionalised clientelism and systemic corruption, coupled with an unprecedented economic crisis, the system recently showed its limits. Tripoli is Lebanon’s second-largest and most deprived city. Yet, it hosted the largest protests across the country, aptly referred to as the ‘bride of the revolution’. To better understand the city’s dynamics in this respect, field research was conducted there in January 2020. Using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, the study reflects on Tripoli’s residents’ perceptions about the protests. Beyond focusing exclusively on the city’s Lebanese residents, it gives some important insights into its vulnerable Syrian and Palestinian refugee inhabitants. The study also demonstrates that, surprisingly, Tripoli’s citizens have nuanced perceptions about these protests. It reveals through charts how divergence in some of these perceptions depends on conditions such as employment, sex, age and nationality. Finally, it gives some tangible insights into Tripoli’s level of mobilisation, engagement, and inclusion of women in the wave of protests. Key words: Middle East; Lebanon; mobilisation; protests; refugees
Lebanon, protest, refugees, civil society, Middle East
E Dahrouge, J Nammour, AS Lotf & 2019-2021 ArMA Programme students (Saint-Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon) ‘The 17 October 2019 protests in Lebanon: Perceptions of Lebanese and non- Lebanese residents of Tripoli and surroundings’ (2020) 4 Global Campus Human Rights Journal 488-516