Global Campus Awarded Theses
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Every year the regional master’s programmes of Global Campus of human rights select the best master theses of the previous academic year. The selected seven GC master theses cover a range of different international human rights topics and challenges.
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ItemAccess to Healthcare for Persons with Albinism in Ghana: A Human Rights Approach(Global Campus of Human Rights, 2021)The realisation of the right to health is crucial to the survival of everyone, including persons with albinism in Ghana. Access to healthcare facilities, goods and services is fundamental to the enjoyment of this right which is closely connected to the enjoyment of the right to life by persons with albinism. Against the backdrop of international human rights law, this study critically examines Ghana’s domestic legal frameworks and institutional arrangements for respecting, promoting, protecting and fulfilling the rights to health for persons with albinism. It identifies barriers hindering access to healthcare and enjoyment of the right to health, including legal and policy constraints, lack of healthrelated information, reasonable accommodation, and harmful practices. The study proposes legal, policy and institutional reforms and intensive public education to address these barriers. It draws on best practices from other African countries to realise the right to health of persons with albinism.
ItemCaste Discrimination: A Study on Existing Law and Its Implementation on Inter-Caste Marriage of Dalits in Rukum, Western Nepal(Global Campus of Human Rights, 2021)The right to marriage of Dalits is violated due to caste-based discrimination in Nepal. Despite the provision of the law, the inter-caste married couples face violence and difficulties in accessing justice. The Caste-Based Discrimination and Untouchability (Offence and Punishment) Act was introduced in 2011 to address the issue. However, since its establishment, nine death cases of Dalits have been reported due to inter-caste marriage. These cases call for the need to examine how the laws and policies are implemented by the concerned government authorities. Thus, this paper intends to: (1) investigate how the state implements the law on the right to the inter-caste marriage of Dalits, (2) identify the barriers in the implementation of the law that could be addressed and (3) find the gaps in the access to justice procedures under the law. The researcher in this qualitative research collected the data from the inter-caste married couples, police officers, government representatives, lawyers, non-governmental organisations and the National Dalit Commission. It is found from the findings that the challenges that occur in the implementation of the law and policies on the inter-caste marriage are: delaying and denying the registration of complaints of inter-caste married couples at the concerned police units, lack of protection of inter-caste married couples and lack of knowledge on the provisioned law. Moreover, there is also a challenge from the upper-caste people who do not recognise and respect the provisioned law due to their traditional discriminatory mindset. Therefore, along with the implementation of provision laws and policies, advocacy and campaigning are crucial to disseminate the law and change the community's perception of the right to marriage of Dalits. Implication of the thesis: Firstly, this research helps in understanding the challenges in the implementation of the law and existing gaps that create difficulties in accessing justice to the victims, particularly the inter-caste married couples. Secondly, the suggested recommendations of the study help the policymakers in addressing the identified gaps. Lastly, the findings and recommendations of the research are useful for the NGOs and civil society organisations to pressurise the government through advocacy for making the concerned law implementing agencies serious and accountable. Keywords: caste-discrimination / inter-caste marriage / untouchability / socio-cultural exclusion / Dalits
ItemBetween Tradition and Fundamentalism: Muslim Women’s Rights in the North Caucasus(Global Campus of Human Rights, 2021)At present, a significant number of young people in the North Caucasus, especially in urban areas, turn to Islamic fundamentalism. This undermines the influence of the traditional framework, adat, which tends to be supported by the older generation, as well as by those in power. While mass media and the official state narrative paint Islamic fundamentalism as a terrorist movement, supported by a small, marginalised group, the reality on the ground is much more complex. The aim of this study is to develop a better understanding of the religious and social changes taking place in the North Caucasus at the present moment, with a special focus on the rights and status of local women. The conclusions and recommendations offered by the study are based on 25 interviews with young women from Karachay-Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria and Dagestan, conducted in summer 2021. The survey results indicate that women’s access to education and employment is often severely limited not only by social pressure and adat customs but also by internalised patriarchal ideas about gender roles. The other main finding of the study is that religious devotion often overcomes the adat’s influence in situations related to marriage and family life. Furthermore, North Caucasian women consciously choose fundamentalism as a way for self-improvement. As a result, women aspire to be active participants in the economic life of their republics, receive education and depend less on the traditional family hierarchy. From a theoretical perspective, the study uses the concept of Islamic feminism to articulate the possibility of fundamentalism as a conduit of women’s rights in the region.
ItemThe Experiences of Humanitarian Aid Workers in Serbia: Testing the Impact of Organisational Support on Mental Health Outcomes(Global Campus of Human Rights, 2021)This study analysed the issue of mental health of humanitarian aid workers in Serbia. It explored the prevalence of secondary traumatic stress (STS) and burnout as negative mental health outcomes and posttraumatic growth (PTG) as positive mental health outcome. In addition, it analysed the relevance of three organisational factors, perceived organisational support (POS), perceived supervisor support (PSS) and team support (TS). A total of 61 participants took part in the study. The results showed that 34.4% of the participants demonstrated a high level of STS and 27.9% a high level of burnout. Also, 46.4% of the participant reported increased PTG. The analysis showed that POS, PSS and TS were negatively correlated with STS; POS and TS were negatively correlated with burnout. There were no relevant correlations between PTG and other variables. Thus, the research identified organisational factors as important protection and preventive mechanisms against negative mental health outcomes. Key words: mental health, humanitarian aid workers, organisational support theory, supervisor support, team support, secondary traumatic stress, burnout, posttraumatic growth
ItemIniciativas de presupuesto con perspectiva de género en Argentina. La trama detrás de la experiencia local(Global Campus of Human Rights, 2021)Between 2015 and 2021, gender budgeting went from being a tool used by a pioneering municipality in gender policies to being part of Argentina’s federal government's plan of action and a policy in development for fourteen provinces. The national initiative, and the subnational experiences developed before and after it, are added to a concert of international voices that speak to us about the potential of incorporating the gender perspective into public accounts. Throughout this thesis, the plots behind this recent gender budgeting experience are surveyed under the developments both by international human rights law, academia, and comparative experiences. Keywords: gender budgeting; gender equality; feminism; fiscal policy. _________________________________________________________________________________