Global Campus Awarded Theses

Every year the regional master’s programmes of Global Campus of human rights select the best master theses of the previous academic year. The selected seven GC master theses cover a range of different international human rights topics and challenges.

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 56
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    Mi derecho a tener derechos. Políticas públicas de autonomía progresiva y egreso dirigidas a adolescentes bajo cuidados alternativos en Santa Fe
    (Global Campus of Human Rights, 2020) Bottazzi, María Florencia ; Palummo, Javier
    In the Santa Fe province (Argentina), the population of adolescents under alternative care represents a significant group with respect to the total population of children and adolescents in these systems. In this context, the processes to build autonomy and its preparation for leaving the protection system constitutes an obligation of the State and a right of the adolescents. Studying the public policies designed and implemented for that purpose entails understanding the State’s action mechanisms, and, at the same time, it allows to place the problem in the wider framework of democratic systems. In this framework kiiiir, the objective of this work has been to analyze public policies oriented to progressive autonomy and preparation for discharge of adolescents in alternative care in the period 2015-2019 in the province of Santa Fe. Keywords: autonomy, care system, rights, adolescence, discharge, public policies, democracy.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
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    “Forgotten Victims of War”. Invisible, though Stigmatised: the Case of Children Born of Wartime Rape and Conflict- Related Sexual Violence
    (Global Campus of Human Rights, 2020) Hermus, Nina ; Agapiou-Josephides, Kalliope
    Conflict-related sexual violence has many disastrous consequences, yet one consequence that is systematically ignored is the children being born as a result from such violence. This research focuses on children born of wartime rape, the often ‘forgotten victims of war’. The aim of this study is to explore how the human rights of these children, enshrined in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, are compromised, while, additionally, identifying ways to rectify these violations and safeguard the child’s rights in an adequate way. This research adopts an innovative approach that sheds a light on four different cases: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Northern Uganda, Colombia and Myanmar. It examines in a comparative way key issues that affect the lives of these children. Stigmatisation, discrimination, statelessness, abuse, economic hardship and, at worst, infanticide; the findings reveal that the human rights of these children are systematically violated, irrespective of time and space. However, before analysing the multitude of violations on the human rights of children born of wartime rape, this research will begin with tackling the root cause of the issue: conflictrelated sexual violence, too often falsely perceived as a mere by-product of war. This research will analyse this complex phenomenon by stepping away from the classical explanations of patriarchal culture, sexual desire or opportunity and will demonstrate on the basis of feminist discourse that conflict-related sexual violence not only has, but can be effectively prevented.
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    #Fridaysforfuture. Beyond the Hashtag on Youth Activism for Climate Justice: A Case Study of Slovenia’s Youth for Climate Justice (Mladi Za Podnebno Pravičnost, MZZP)
    (Global Campus of Human Rights, 2020) Kalem, Melina ; Domazet, Mladen
    The Anthropocene logic of the ‘faster-higher-further’ perpetuates the continuous human wish and grind for more, constructing a chain of production and consumption that in reality ends up being detrimental to our living environment, also risking our health and lifestyles. The current approach to stop or minimise the effects of one of the most pronounced environmental issues, climate change, also generates a global justice problem whereby those who have done the least to cause it suffer the most from the impacts of the status quo. Young people, who are likely to bear the brunt of current inaction, are at the forefront of the recent massive mobilisation for climate justice that did not circumvent the region of South-East Europe, demanding a just transition towards a new development paradigm that would be beneficial for all. The aim of this thesis was to investigate the existence of sustainabilityoriented attitudes in the lives of young activists from the Mladi za podnebno pravičnost (MZPP) movement in Slovenia, thereby inspecting the motivations behind and the aim of taking part in the strikes, as well as their perception of the obstacles that hinder the movement’s progress. In order to achieve this, a series of both structured and semi-structured interviews were used. The findings suggest a spectrum of climate change information-gathering channels that influence activists’ climate awareness and generate their action within the activist group. Moreover, the findings also reveal instances of liberal theory comeback in the form of vivid discontent with and distrust towards the current political establishment in Slovenia, demanding equal and fair representation and participation in decision-making processes, encasing the equity aspect of climate change issue. Key words: environmental thought development, climate change, climate justice, Slovenia, MZPP
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    Access to Justice for Persons with Disabilities in Kenya: from Principles to Practice
    (Global Campus of Human Rights, 2020) Macharia, Wilson ; Mezmur, Benyam Dawit ; Mutambasere, Susan
    Approximately 15% of the world’s population experience a form of disability, with a significant number of them experiencing a severe disability. According to the 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census, about 2.2% of all Kenyans have a form of disability; with the most prevalent types of disabilities being mobility-related. These persons with disabilities face disproportionate marginalisation, which results in broad ranging restrictions on their full and effective participation in society. This marginalisation is further exacerbated by social, structural and legal barriers which impede their access to justice, a fundamental right, and a prerequisite for the realisation of other rights guaranteed across local and international human rights instruments. The international community has shifted towards a human rights approach which is aimed at enhancing effective participation of persons with disabilities on an equal basis with others. Kenya has expressed its commitment towards this approach through ratifying international human rights instruments such as the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities which forms part of Kenyan law pursuant to article 2(6) of the Constitution of Kenya 2010. Article 13 of the Convention requires access to justice for persons with disabilities to be enhanced at all phases of the administration of justice. This notwithstanding, access to justice for persons with disabilities in Kenya remains an unfulfilled desire. Against this background, this thesis seeks to identify the main challenges and practices that impede access to justice in the Kenyan justice system with a specific focus on persons with disabilities, with the aim of suggesting possible solutions that can aid in solving this paradox. It achieves this through examining- the nature and scope of the right of access to justice for persons with disabilities; the recognition of the right of access to justice for persons with disabilities in the Kenyan and international legal framework; the barriers that hinder the full and effective participation of persons with disabilities in the Kenyan justice system, with a specific focus on the courts; and the steps that Kenya should take to eliminate the identified barriers.
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    Protection of Children’s Rights to Privacy and Freedom from Online Exploitation and Abuse in Southern Africa. A Case Study of South Africa and Zimbabwe
    (Global Campus of Human Rights, 2020) Sibanda, Opal Masocha ; Nampewo, Zahara ; Simiyu, Marystella
    In the past few years there has been an increase in the number of children using the internet. The COVID-19 pandemic has further contributed to the increase in internet usage by children due to the measures taken by governments to contain and curb the virus, including the closure of schools. Families and children have resorted to digital solutions to support children’s education, interaction and play. Although not universal, the internet presents various opportunities that enable children to enjoy their rights. African countries including South Africa and Zimbabwe have embraced the use of internet based technologies which has created opportunities for cybercriminals to perpetuate violence against children. As such, whilst acknowledging the benefits of the internet, it should also be noted that the internet presents threats to children’s rights, the most critical being threats to privacy and freedom from exploitation and abuse. Due to their age, children do not appreciate the threats presented by the internet and thus remain vulnerable internet users. Various instruments exist at international and regional level on the protection of children’s rights and these instruments also apply in the digital context. A number of laws have been enacted in South Africa and Zimbabwe on the protection of children’s rights. It is however not doubted that the existing legislation and traditional governmental bodies set up to protect children from probable harm are challenged by technological advancements such as the internet. This research establishes that the legal framework of South Africa and Zimbabwe does not adequately protect children’s rights to privacy and freedom from online exploitation and abuse. Although South Africa has made notable progress in enacting laws on the protection of children’s rights online, the laws are not comprehensive. Zimbabwe on the other hand is lagging behind in terms of amending its legislation to incorporate aspects of online violence. With weak legislation, protection of children’s rights to privacy and freedom from online exploitation and abuse becomes problematic, hence the need for law reform. The research draws best practices from the legal regimes of the European Union and the United States of America to inform law reform. The research gives recommendations to the government of South Africa and Zimbabwe, businesses and internet service providers, as well as parents and guardians on the protection of children’s rights online.