Volume 5 No 1


Global Classroom: The COVID-19 pandemic and socio-economic rights

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic and socio-economic rights
Rachel Kurian

The right to education in the Caucasus in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic
Sergey Ghazinyan, Ana Teresa Corzanego Khatounian, Christina Tatoueva, Jakub Wojsyk and Zemfira Gogueva

A she-cession? Exploring labour policy responses to COVID-19 and their impact on women's right to work in Europe
Chiara Altafin, Manuela Baiker, Ríon McCall Magan, Francesca Mancarella and Mariana Ferreira

The pandemic and access to healthcare: Economic inequality and marginalisation in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia
Miloš Burzan, Imane Bellaadem, Selma Alispahić, Carolina Muzzillo and Giulia Russo

The realisation of the right to social security during COVID-19 in Africa: Case studies of Cameroon, Kenya and South Africa
Ashina Mtsumi, Lihle Mabuza, Benjamin Tonga, Robert Akoto Amoafo and Wilson Macharia

Envisioning the new normal in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic: Inequality, COVID-19 and vulnerability
Dharmendra Bahadur Dhami, Zhouzheng Huang, Graciela Awkit and Sirikanya Santayakul


A critical review of the relationship between academic freedom and democracy in Ghana’s public universities: From pre-independence to the Fourth Republic
Kwadwo Appiagyei-Atua


Enhancing children’s participation in research: A review of ‘the limits of giving voice’
Mark P. Capaldi


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 9
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    Global Campus Human Rights Journal, Volume 5 No 1
    (Global Campus Human Rights, 2021) [...]
    This volume of the Global Campus Human Rights Journal consists of three parts. The first part is a collection of articles on the COVID-19 pandemic and socio-economic rights in variois regions of the world. This was the theme of the Global Classroom in 2021, organised every year by Global Campus of Human Rights. The second part includes an article by Kawado Appiagyei-Atua which undertakes a critical assessment of academic freedom at Ghana’s public universities. The last part is a review on children's participation in qualitative research by Mark Capaldi.
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    Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic and socio-economic Rights
    (Global Campus Human Rights, 2021) Kurian, Rachel
    COVID-19 is the respiratory disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which was first detected in Wuhan, China, in 2019. On 30 January 2020 the World Health Organisation declared the outbreak of COVID-19 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern and on 11 March assessed it as a pandemic. Since its onset, the COVID-19 pandemic has affected 221 countries and territories, and caused millions of deaths. In the wake of the pandemic, governments initially focused on accessing and distributing vaccines, enforcing social distancing and mask-wearing, closing schools and public events, and restricting the movement of people via border closures, lockdowns and curfews, to avoid the spread of the virus. While some of these measures were eased up in 2021, there was continued vigilance on minimising risk of exposure as, in many countries, the easing has also been associated with the occurrence of more cases. While the macro-level figures have been contested, as have the policies and priorities of governments, they highlight to some extent the spread and intensity of the pandemic and the efforts by governments to contain the infection. What they do not fully reveal are the inequalities and inequities in the occurrence and experience of the virus globally and within countries, and how marginalised and discriminated groups were often exposed to greater risks in the context of COVID-19. It is therefore essential from a social justice and human rights perspective to use a political economy framework and analyse the challenges that the COVID-19 pandemic has posed for vulnerable groups, and to struggle to ensure that post-pandemic growth be guided and embedded in a more equitable and inclusive pattern of development.
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    The right to education in the Caucasus in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic
    (Global Campus Human Rights, 2021) Ghazinyan, Sergey ; Corzanego Khatounian, Ana Teresa ; Tatoueva, Christina ; Wojsyk, Jakub ; Gogueva, Zemfira
    This paper is intended to initiate an international discussion on the implementation of the right to education during the global healthcare crisis. For that purpose, it analyses the experiences of Armenia, Russia, Georgia and Belarus in the light of measures taken by the authorities to respond to the new challenges, and examines the concrete situation faced by children and teachers in the region. It aims to identify the most common and visible problems that occurred in the Caucasus region during the Covid-19 pandemic, based on available data from particular countries. For comprehensive analysis of the issue, the present paper discusses the right to education as defined in international law, and looks at the main challenges inherent in the four pillars of the right to education as framed by UNESCO: accessibility, availability, acceptability and adaptability of education. As sources of information, it considers the observations of relevant domestic and international stakeholders, including the National Human Rights Institutions (NHRI), Human Rights Watch (HRW), UNESCO and UNICEF, as well as various academic sources. In each case, the response to issues generated by the COVID-19 pandemic is analysed in the context of other social factors. The article concludes that, while some examples of response could be seen in the countries under discussion, the lack of structured, informed, and timely responses made it difficult for children to fully enjoy their right to education. The paper provides recommendations targeted to the issues revealed, with the aim of improving state systems of response to the global healthcare crisis within the framework of implementing the right to education.
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    A she-cession? Exploring labour policy responses to COVID-19 and their impact on women's right to work in Europe
    (Global Campus Human Rights, 2021) Altafin, Chiara ; Baiker, Manuela ; McCall Magan, Ríon ; Mancarella, Francesca ; Ferreira, Mariana
    Women’s right to work in Europe has been disproportionately affected by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. This article explores how and to what extent certain European countries have developed labour policy responses reflecting a feminist human rights preparedness during the pandemic’s first two years. The impacts of the policies on women’s right to work in Italy, Portugal, Ireland and Germany are examined under critical policy analysis (CPA) methodology and from a human rights-based approach. Ultimately, it is argued that these states failed to immediately address the disproportionately gendered impacts in the labour market. Across all case studies, the analysis identifies a shortfall in protection for certain categories of women which has challenged the fulfilment of their right to work and left them in a state of ‘she-cession’. As a result, previous structures and tendencies defining the roles of women in society have been reinforced. In light of such unpreparedness, policy recommendations are elaborated upon from a feminist human rights perspective, in which attention is given to: intersectionality; dynamics of social hierarchies and power structures affecting access to rights; equal participation in policy decision-making; availability of data on the impact of states’ ongoing responses; and engagement with relevant stakeholders to monitor and ensure women’s enjoyment of the right to work.
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    Pandemic and the access to healthcare: Economic inequality and marginalisation in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia
    (Global Campus Human Rights, 2021) Burzan, Miloš ; Bellaadem, Imane ; Alispahić, Selma ; Muzzillo, Carolina ; Russo, Giulia ; Burzan, Miloš
    Access to healthcare for Roma people and older adults (65+) in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) and Croatia has been hampered by the COVID-19 pandemic. In responding to the pandemic, neither BiH nor Croatia have sufficiently addressed the complex and nuanced vulnerabilities of these social groups. By employing a comparative approach between the two countries, the article presents in-group and between-group differences based on gender, ethnicity, age, place of residence and legal status. The marginalisation of the Roma and older people is traced back to the structural inequalities associated with transitional state apparatus, corruption and neoliberal policies in both countries. While similar discriminatory trends are observed in both countries, the data indicate that the Croatian state apparatus is more organised in securing access to healthcare than that of Bosnia and Herzegovina.