Child online protection from a human rights law perspective: an analysis of China’s practices
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Like most countries in the world, the development of the Internet has brought many new challenges to child protection in China. Violation of child’s rights through the Internet is becoming more and more serious in recent years. Although there is research now that focuses on the issue of child online protection, the practice of China is rarely considered. In addition, the previous research lacks a perspective of human rights law. This research aims to analyse China’s practices of child online protection from a human rights perspective. It will firstly analyse China’s duties to protect child’s rights in the online environment according to international human rights instruments. Secondly, the author will introduce the existing practices of China in this regard by summarising and analysing domestic laws, regulations, related policies and specific actions, and explain the problems that China currently faces. Based on the above, the author draws the conclusion that in order to improve China’s practices of child online protection, the priority is to establish a sound legal system for child online protection. By analysing three key issues that need to be considered in the establishment of legal system which can be summarised as the protection of child’s right to privacy, the protection of child’s right to have access to information and the distinction of duties of parents, schools and society, this research intends to put forward several preliminary recommendations.