The motivation of perpetrators: an interdisciplinary synthesis on how inhuman treatment in care facilities can still occur

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Mathys, Adriana
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This thesis investigates the motivation behind the usage of inhuman treatment of caregivers on residents of care facilities. It is divided into three main objectives: providing an overview of definitions and concepts related to inhuman treatment, examining existing legal measures and regulations to prevent such treatment, and identifying and analyzing the typical motivations behind its usage. The research methodology involves a comprehensive literature review, incorporating various fields such as philosophy, psychology, ethics, and law. The overview of definitions and concepts reveals the importance of vulnerability, empowerment, capability, protection, and inhuman treatment. The examination of existing mechanisms focuses on the rights of residents in care facilities and national measures taken to prevent inhuman treatment. The analysis of motives considers both individual and societal factors. Power dynamics, culture, and discrimination are identified as societal structures that can contribute to inhuman treatment, while individual motives include the release of tension and sadistic pleasure. The connection of these motivations is highlighted. The thesis concludes that while existing measures are valuable, additional mechanisms need to be implemented to combat inhuman treatment in care facilities. By considering the motives of perpetrators and their interaction with societal structures, policymakers and caregivers can enhance preventive measures and improve the well-being of residents.
Second semester University: Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski
inhuman treatment, institutional care, moral and ethical aspects, philosophical aspects, legal aspects, psychological aspects