Selected developments in human rights and democratisation during 2015: Middle East

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Lahoud Tatar, Carine
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Global Campus
This contribution aims at providing a synthetic analysis of the process of political changes which has been driving and continues to drive a wave of unrest across the Middle East. It presents a slightly different understanding of Arab uprisings by dividing the ongoing process into three different phases: During the first period, namely, in the pre-revolutionary context, a set of socio- economic and political factors mutually reinforcing Arab discontent will lead to mass mobilisation. Subsequently the revolutionary momentum will pave the way for a second phase, the instant outcomes of Arab upheaval, in particular the toppling of authoritarian regimes and the call for free elections won by Islamist groups. Finally, the third and last stage, namely, the demobilisation process, will lead to the current situation of disintegration and chaos that is prevailing in some countries, the exacerbation of the sectarian rift and the return of a new authoritarianism as a result of counter-
Arab upheaval, phases, resilience, counter-revolution, refugees, authoritarianism
CL Tatar ‘Selected developments in human rights and democratisation during 2015: Middle East’ (2017) 1 Global Campus Human Rights Journal 195-206