The externalization of the EUs Southern border in light of the EU/Libya framework agreement : a lawful alternative or a neo-refoulement strategy?

Thumbnail Image
Biondi, Paolo
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
During the last few years the European Union has intensified its cooperation with its neighbours, especially in relation to migration management. With a view to contextualize the recent negotiation on a Migration Cooperation Agenda and a Framework Agreement between the EU and Libya, this paper analyzes the actions adopted at the EU level, including bilateral activities, such as the Italy/Libya Treaty on Friendship, Partnership and Cooperation. It makes clear how such instruments can be framed in a wider strategy directed towards the externalization of migration management and raises serious human rights concerns. It demonstrates how so far such strategy has proven to be a major failure, especially if adopted without a clear assessment of the neighbours’ countries human rights situation, compared to the immediate control at the borders. The paper concludes with a comprehensive analysis of the problems involved and aspects concerned and address a number of recommendations to the actors involved in order to be able, in a close future, to set down a credible externalization in line with human rights standards and the aspirations to liberty of the people living in the partner countries concerned.
Second semester University: University of Graz
boundaries, Southern Europe, foreign relations, Libya, European Union