ICC involvement in the Colombian peace process: the dynamics behind the search for the right to justice and peace in a transition period

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Rodríguez Revilla, Lina
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A society going through a transition process aiming to find peace encounters different political and legal clashes. This paper focuses on the difficult task of pondering the right to Justice and the right to Peace in a context of transition. The case of study will be Colombia, a very complex case as a precedent transition process failed in guaranteeing victim’s right to justice and where the giving up of arms by members of an illegal paramilitary group did not paved the way to peace. Now, the role of the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court has been involved amidst very strong discussions in relation to non-judiciary mechanisms that search for dealing with the past. As the state discretionality -in relation to national strategies to move towards a negotiated peace with members of the most important guerrilla group FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia)- is limited, as a set of International Obligations must be fulfilled in order for the state comply with his duties, a comprehensive analysis of all factors involved must be made. The cases of Sudan, Uganda and Kenya will help to evidence the position the ICC prosecutor has taken vis á vis the clash of the right to justice and the right to peace. A conclusion on the case of Colombia will be made, as it could become a reference case in International Law.
Second semester University: Université de Montpellier.
International Criminal Court, Colombia, peace processes, transitional justice