From Myanmar to The Hague. A Feminist Perspective on the Search for Gender Justice by Rohingya Women before the International Criminal Court

dc.contributor.advisor Morondo Taramundi, Dolores Lombardi, Federica 2022-07-14T12:59:33Z 2022-07-14T12:59:33Z 2021
dc.description Second semester University: University of Deusto, Bilbao
dc.description.abstract Sexual and gender-based violence during conflict remains a widespread issue, with women and girls being particularly vulnerable. Since its establishment, the International Criminal Court has prioritised the prosecution of sexual violence through some successful ground-breaking judgments. However, it has also received harsh criticism due its failure to incorporate an intersectional perspective into its jurisprudence. While the Office of the Prosecutor has committed itself to incorporating intersectionality in its prosecutions in its 2014 Policy Paper, it has yet to deliver an intersectional analysis in one of its rulings. The recent authorisation from the Pre-Trial Chamber to proceed with an investigation for the alleged crimes perpetrated against the Rohingya community in Myanmar could provide such an occasion. While the ethnic minority is suffering from gross human rights violations, rape is being used systematically against Rohingya women. In light of these considerations, this thesis seeks to analyse how an intersectional approach could assist the International Criminal Court in analysing and addressing the sexual violence suffered by Rohingya women. To achieve this, an historical overview of the prosecution of sexual violence before international criminal tribunals was provided, together with the main criticisms regarding their track records. Secondly, the theory of intersectionality was presented and analysed in the context of anti-discrimination law, international human rights law and international criminal law. Finally, the theory of intersectionality was applied to the case study of Rohingya women in light of the possible claims of genocide and crimes against humanity they could bring before the court. On one hand, the analysis has demonstrated that an intersectional approach can indeed help the International Criminal Court put emphasis on the gravity of the violence suffered by the victims as well as the systematic and organised nature of such attacks. On the other hand, there is a risk that Rohingya women will be further stereotyped or that the violence suffered by those who do not fit within the victim model will be left unpunished.
dc.description.sponsorship European Commission - Operating grant - Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument - Global Europe Instrument (NDICI)
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Global Campus of Human Rights
dc.relation.ispartofseries Global Campus Europe (EMA) awarded theses 2020/2021
dc.subject Myanmar
dc.subject Rohingya
dc.subject International Criminal Court
dc.subject women
dc.subject gender
dc.subject violence against women
dc.subject sexual abuse
dc.subject human rights violations
dc.subject feminism
dc.subject victims
dc.title From Myanmar to The Hague. A Feminist Perspective on the Search for Gender Justice by Rohingya Women before the International Criminal Court
dc.type Thesis
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