The ‘mantra of stability’ versus human security in the post-Soviet space

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Avetisyan, Sos
Abrahamyan, Vahan
Chobanyan, Marianna
Lyabuk, Kostantyn
Nabi, Walaga
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Global Campus
This article provides an understanding of current human security challenges in the post-Soviet space. Cognisant that such studies are rare, we hope to provide a stepping stone for further theoretical and empirical research. Drawing on comparative case studies of Armenia, Belarus, Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan, the article argues that while securitisation techniques deployed by authoritarian and/or semi-authoritarian regimes vary in scope, degree and targeting, they share two important commonalities with the overarching aim of ensuring regime endurance. First, the exogenous threats, whether real and/or willfully constructed by the ruling regimes, provide a convenient context in the Balzaquian sense to construct effective securitisation acts. Closely related to the first point, the external environment and internal deliberation by ruling elites fuel a specific narrative-constructing strategy of illiberal state-building ideology, which normalises anti-human rights policies in the specific countries. Concurrently, we problematise the traditionalist approach and treat the ‘audience’ as a monolithic and passive entity. Making use of Bourbeau and Vuori's work on resilience, we demonstrate that securitisation is not a straightforward bottom-up process, but also is filtered through societal resistance. Key words: human security; securitisation; democratisation; illiberal statebuilding
social security, security, democratisation, state building, Kyrgyzstan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, authoritarianism
S Avetisyan, V Abrahamyan, M Chobanyan, K Lyabuk & W Nabi ‘The ‘mantra of stability’ versus human security in the post-Soviet space’ (2017) 1 Global Campus Human Rights Journal 350

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