Effectiveness of national preventive mechanisms in prevention of torture: the case of interconnectedness and cooperation

dc.contributor.advisor Sancin, Vasilka
dc.contributor.author Lagat, Caroline Jepkosgei
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-25T15:21:11Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-25T15:21:11Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.description Second semester University: University of Ljubljana en_US
dc.description.abstract Twelve years after the adoption of the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, the designated African National Preventive Mechanisms (NPMs) are struggling to achieve effectiveness in conducting monitoring visits to places of deprivation of liberty to preventing torture and ill-treatment. In a bid to understand what makes NPMs effective, this thesis employed a comparative study between two European and African NPMs, selected for their different organisational structure, and analysed how their structures, independence, powers, working methods, and cooperation with other international monitoring bodies and stakeholders influenced their effectiveness. The NPMs’ and the international monitoring bodies’ reports, NPM-related national legislation of the case studies, torture-related UN and regional conventions, and publications by the Subcommittee for the Prevention of Torture (SPT) and Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CAT) were analysed, and an interview conducted with the Slovene Deputy-Ombudsperson, who is also the head of the Slovene NPM. This thesis finds that, while there are many factors that make an NPM effective, they cannot be isolated from each other and the general working environment of the NPM. Therefore, just as national monitoring to prevent torture should adopt a holistic approach, implementing not only law but incorporating different measures suitable to the environment of the places of deprivation of liberty, a similar approach needs to be adopted to ensure NPMs effectiveness in Africa by looking at all factors relating to an NPM. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/20.500.11825/879
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.25330/2418
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Global Campus Europe (EMA) theses 2017/2018;
dc.subject torture en_US
dc.subject Africa en_US
dc.subject Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment. Optional Protocol en_US
dc.subject prevention en_US
dc.subject United Kingdom en_US
dc.subject Slovenia en_US
dc.subject Senegal en_US
dc.subject Mauritius en_US
dc.subject law enforcement en_US
dc.title Effectiveness of national preventive mechanisms in prevention of torture: the case of interconnectedness and cooperation en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
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