01. Global Campus Policy Briefs

The Global Campus Policy Observatory is a 'virtual hub' which comprehends a team of seven researches from the regional programmes to produce, publish and publicly present seven different policy analyses in form of policy briefs, with the aim of making of each regional programme a solid focal point for policy expert advisory in human rights issues.

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 28
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    Climate Justice and Human Rights, in a World in Climate Emergency
    (Global Campus of Human Rights, 2021) Aliozi, Zoi
    Climate justice is the blueprint for a fair and sustainable future of life on this planet. Climate justice can be understood as a lens for looking at climate change as a social, ethical and legal issue, rather than solely an environmental one. This frame of justice has in its core the protection of human rights and of the most vulnerable in a climate changed world. Climate justice should be seen as a flexible umbrella that is about ensuring that the process of implementing policies to tackle the anthropogenic harms of climate change is mirroring the rule of law and is developed on a rights-based approach. It is a matter of global justice with duties spreading from the international to the regional and national stakeholders. If the United Nations (UN) fails to promote climate justice, then we collectively fail to protect human rights and negligently violate the rights of future generations. This policy brief outlines the linkages of human rights and climate change, by advocating for climate justice. Climate change is undermining the fulfilment of internationally protected human rights, like the rights to health and life; the rights to food, water, shelter and property; rights associated with livelihood and culture; and with migration and resettlement. The worst effects of climate change are principally felt by those whose rights protections are already insufficient. The main message of this brief is intended to raise awareness about the climate emergency that our world is under, and to extend an urgent call for immediate climate action addressed to all stakeholders in the European Union (EU) and UN levels, including politicians, law and policy makers as well as to civil society. After three decades of negotiating about the reach and power of climate laws and policies, we have reached a point that the negative effects of climate change are directly harming human rights on a large scale. We need a global response with strong laws mirroring and integrating the human rights project in this process. This brief aims to expose the political negligence of power holders in mitigating the negative effects of climate change on our planet, human rights and humankind’s existence. Climate change is not only linked with the obvious human rights, like the right to a healthy environment or right to life; but climate change has become synonymous for climate emergency, and if this emergency is not mitigated by climate justice it will turn into the end of human rights. It is not rocket science to understand that in a world without a healthy environment, drinkable water and clean oxygen, no right to life or any human right can be truly enjoyed.
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    Environment and Human Rights in Curriculum: Towards a Strong and Uniform Education Policy in South Asia
    (Global Campus of Human Rights, 2021) Annamalai, Visalaakshi
    This policy paper aims to summarise the existing education policy with respect to the environment and human rights in the countries in South Asia as well as address gaps and challenges. While there is an emphasis on human rights education, its link to the environment and climate change is largely overlooked in curricula. It is, therefore, necessary to actively amend the education policy to include human rights and environment-centric courses that enable the youth to play an informed role in immediate and future policy making in the region. In conclusion, this paper will provide policy recommendations to governments in the region on the actions that can be adopted going forward in strengthening aspects of human rights and environment-linked education. It will strongly emphasise the need for the governments to educate the youth on these fronts with the consideration that most of the politicians and bureaucrats in the region are not very well versed in these subjects. This gap is likely owing to past education policies and education itself as a right that is still being realised. The policy brief advocates for a comprehensive and uniform national education policy on human rights, climate change and the environment in the region that will include the experiences from the region in battling climate change and protecting the environment to empower the youth in future decision making.
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    ‘Burned by the Sun, Drowned by the Rain’: Enhancing Children’s Legal Protection Against Climate Change
    (Global Campus of Human Rights, 2021) Daniaud, Elise
    The objective of this policy brief is to make a case for addressing the pressing issue of child environmental rights in international law. There are 2.2 billion children on this planet, 90 per cent of whom are living in low and lower-middle income countries. While they constitute the human group with the biggest expecting growth over the next 30 years, they yet remain the most underrepresented one. Children also struggle making their voices heard, being taken seriously and simply catching the attention of the adult generation. Their fears, hopes, dreams, expectations but also innovative ideas for potential solutions and mitigation strategies regarding climate change are constantly underestimated. Up to this date, despite their will to be part of decision-making processes and legal initiatives, no right to environment applied to children is explicitly codified, recognised as such and endorsed per se as a legal international instrument. The policy brief highlights five reasons justifying concrete change in policy making in order to safeguard children’s future. The environmental issue should be apprehended as an ethical duty for the adult generation: the risks faced by poor children and children in poor environments threatens their quality of life as well as their health and their chances to survive, the threats faced by indigenous communities involve serious risks altering their culture and their lifestyle, and the positive role of child activism should be valorised. In order to address children’s concerns regarding climate change, the policy brief suggests a set of measures and initiatives which could lead to social and environmental change regarding local and national policy making, child participation, social group actions and international organisations’ capability.
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    Climate Change and the Future Generation under the African Human Rights System: Fostering Pathways and Partnerships
    (Global Campus of Human Rights, 2021) Jegede, Ademola Oluborode
    The objective of this policy brief is to argue the conceptual and legal bases for the protection of the rights of future generations in the context of adverse effects of climate change and articulate the potential pathways and partnerships necessary for its achievement under the African human rights system (AHRS). In Africa, climate change is not only a reality, it has current and future consequences on the enjoyment of several rights including the rights to life, health, food, water and housing. Yet, it is not clear whether the protection of future generations against the adverse consequences of climate change is possible, and if so, how it may be achieved and advanced under the AHRS. The policy brief shows that there is no conceptual challenge in constructing a claim for the protection of the rights of future generations in the context of climate change. It then explores not only the potentials in key instruments under the AHRS but also shows how the promotional, protective and interpretive mandates of quasi-judicial and judicial bodies of the AHRS may advance the protection of future generations in the light of adverse effects of climate change in Africa. To advance this approach, the policy brief recommends that awareness campaigns, capacity building and empowerment through workshops and trainings at state and regional levels are necessary to equip actors, especially African non-governmental organisations (NGOs), lawyers, human rights institutions, states representatives and mandate holders, on the pathways across the mandates of bodies within the AHRS.
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    Planet over Profit? A Reality Check of Europe’s Aspirational Climate Policies
    (Global Campus of Human Rights, 2021) Jungwirth, Tomáš
    The European Green Deal (EGD) aspires to become the transformational agenda putting the European Union’s (EU’s) economies and societies firmly on the path towards sustainability. This paper casts in doubt several presumptions inherent to it, notably that Paris Agreement-compliant emission reduction trajectories are complementary to strong economic growth. Moreover, it frames some of the trade-offs that will shape the reality of the green transition in Europe and beyond, showing that meeting the environmental, social and economic objectives all at the same time is for the most part just a mirage, even if a politically expedient one. Europe’s leaders are asked to take these realities into consideration when designing EGD-related policies so as to avoid both problem shifting and raising unrealistic expectations among the public. The urgency of the crisis at our hands deserves nothing short of a sober assessment and an evidence-based response, in line with the physical realities and constraints of the world we live in.